The Union government is mainly composed of the executive, the legislature, and the judiciary, and powers are vested by the constitution in the prime minister, parliament, and the supreme court, respectively.
State executive consists of Governor and Council of Ministers with Chief Minister as its head. The Governor of a State is appointed by the President for a term of five years and holds office during his pleasure. Only Indian citizens above 35 years of age are eligible for appointment to this office.
The Federal Government is composed of three distinct branches: legislative, executive, and judicial, whose powers are vested by the U.S. Constitution in the Congress, the President, and the Federal courts, respectively.
The organisation of the state government includes the governor, the state legislature and the council of ministers. In the state legislature, there are two houses, the legislative council (Vidhan Parishad) and the legislative assembly(Vidhan Sabha).
What are the main functions of state government? States have jurisdiction over education, agriculture, public health, sanitation, hospitals and dispensaries and many other departments. The state governments also have to maintain the internal security, law and order in the state.
State governments in India are the governments ruling 29 states and two union territories of India and the head of the council of ministers in a state is chief minister. Power is divided between the union government and state governments.
- Central Government – The Central Government, handles the issues of the entire country. …
- State Government – The State Government handles the issues and affairs of the given state in India. …
- Panchayati Raj – It works in the village, municipality, and rural areas.
The Governor of a State shall be appointed by the President by warrant under his hand and seal. Article 156. Term of office of Governor : (1) The Governor shall hold office during the pleasure of the President.
Who is the head of a state?
Under the Constitution, of the Republic of India, the president replaced the monarch as ceremonial head of state. The president is elected by the Electoral College for a five-year term. In the event of a vacancy, the vice president serves as acting president. (died in office.)
The president is referred to as the first citizen of India. Although vested with these powers by the Constitution of India, the position is largely a ceremonial one and executive powers are de facto exercised by the prime minister.